Philippine Volcano Erupts, Lava Flowing, Thousands Evacuated
More than 9,000 people have evacuated the area around the Philippines’ most active volcano as lava flowed down its crater Monday in ab eruption that scientists warned could turn explosive.
The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology increased the alert level for Mount Mayon late Sunday to 3 on a scale of 5, indicating an increased tendency toward a hazardous eruption.
Lava flowed at least 1/2 a kilometer down a gully from the crater and Monday morning, ash clouds appeared mid-slope, said the head of the Volcano Institute.
Molten rocks and lava at Mayon’s crater lit the night sky Sunday in an reddish-orange glow despite a shroud of thick clouds that covered the volcano, leaving spectators awed but sending thousands of residents into evacuation shelters.
Albay province emergency response official Cedric Daep said at least 9,000 people have been moved from high-risk areas in an ongoing evacuation. People in the danger area have put up huge white crosses in their neighborhoods, hoping to protect their lives and homes.
Villagers who stay to watch over their homes within a permanent danger zone around the volcano are at extreme risk.
But if the institute raises the alert level further, indicating deadlier danger, villagers would have to leave areas near Mayon.
The volcano lies in coconut-growing Albay province about 340 kilometers southeast of Manila.
3 steam-explosions since Saturday have spewed ash into nearby villages and may have breached solidified lava at the crater and caused lava to start flowing.
On 7 May 2013, an ash eruption killed 5 climbers, including three Germans, whoventured near the Summit despite warnings of possible danger.
Experts fear a major eruption could trigger pyroclastic flows meaning superheated gas and volcanic debris that race down the slopes at high speeds, incinerating or vaporizing everything in their path.
More extensive explosions of ash could drift toward nearby towns and cities, including Legazpi city, the provincial capital, about 15 kilometers away.
The bulletin sent Sunday night said a hazardous eruption was possible within weeks or even days. It said the glow in the crater signified the growth of a new lava dome and that the evacuation zone be enforced due to the dangers of falling rocks, landslides or a collapse of the dome.
Mayon’s 1st recorded eruption was in Y 1616. The most destructive in 1814 killed 1,200 people and buried the town of Cagsawa in volcanic mud.
The belfry of a Cagsawa church juts out of the ground in a reminder of Mayon’s deadly fury that has become a tourist attraction.