Hurricane Harvey Moving Across the Gulf of Mexico
$USO, $RDS.A, $XOM
Hurricane Harvey moved across the Gulf of Mexico and threatened to strike the heart of the country’s Crude Oil refining industry when it comes ashore in Texas at the weekend.
Communities in the path of the quickly strengthening storm began evacuating and energy firms shut refineries and offshore Crude Oil and Nat Gas platforms.
Just under 10% of offshore US Gulf of Mexico crude output capacity was shut down Thursday, government data showed.
Harvey is forecast to come ashore as a Category 3 Hurricane, the US National Hurricane Center said, the third most powerful on the Saffir–Simpson scale, which would make it the strongest to hit the US mainland in 12 years.
Such storms pack maximum sustained winds of up to 129 miles (208 km) per hour and Harvey would be the first Category 3 hurricane to make land in the United States since Hurricane Wilma struck Florida in Y 2005.
The NHC expects Harvey to move slowly over Texas and linger over the state for days, dumping as much 30 ins (76.2 cm) of rain on some areas.
“With this system’s intensity and slow motion, it is the worst of both worlds,” a forecaster with Weather Decision Technologies in Norman, Oklahoma said. “There will be major impacts along the coast and inland with periods of prolonged rain.”
Harvey will cause a storm surge that will flood parts of the Texas coast as it makes landfall, the NHC said in its advisory.
The Mayor of Texas coastal city Corpus Christi warned Wednesday that flooding was his biggest concern and urged people to evacuate from low-lying areas.
“I hope people will listen to forecasters when they say ‘beware of flash floods,'” Mayor Joe McComb said. “Flash floods can come quickly, and they can be deadly.”
The city, a major Crude Oil refining center, has not issued any evacuation orders, he told reporters at a news conference, but its emergency operations center has been activated.
The NHC expects the storm to come ashore along the central Texas coast, an area that includes Corpus Christi and Houston, home to some of the biggest refineries in the country.
More than 45% of the country’s refining capacity is along the US Gulf Coast, and 20% of the nation’s Crude Oil is produced offshore in the region.
Harvey has already disrupted US Oil supplies in the region.
2 Crude Oil refineries in Corpus Christi were shutting down ahead of the storm, and concern that Harvey could cause shortages in fuel supply drove benchmark gasoline prices to a 3-week high, and 1 other refinery reduced output and other were considering shutting.
Prices for gasoline in Spot markets on the Gulf Coast rose even more, hitting 1-year highs.
Profit margins for refineries producing gasoline rose by over 12%, on course for their biggest daily percentage gain in 6 months, according to Reuters data.
The 2 refineries that have shut have combined capacity to refine more than 450,000 BPD of Crude Oil.
Energy companies including Royal Dutch Shell (NYSE:RDS.A), Anadarko Petroleum and Exxon Mobil (NYSE:XOM)have evacuated staff from offshore oil and gas platforms in the storm’s path.
Around 167,000 BPD, or 9.6%, of Crude Oil output capacity in the Gulf was shut, the US government said.
The storm could also bring flooding to inland shale Oil fields in Texas that pump millions of BPD (barrels per day) of Crude Oil.
Norway’s Statoil ASA said Thursday it would evacuate staff from the Eagle Ford shale region in South Texas. The firm will close wells if there is a flooding risk, a spokesman said.
Texas Governor Greg Abbott declared a state of disaster Wednesday for 30 counties, authorizing the use of state resources to prepare for the storm.
Coastal cities and counties distributed sandbags to residents as some businesses boarded up windows, and residents flocked to grocery stores to stock up on supplies, local media reported.
Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi issued a mandatory evacuation to all students who live on campus and canceled events.
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