Former Nissan boss Carlos Ghosn Appears in Court

Former Nissan boss Carlos Ghosn said Tuesday he had been “wrongly accused and unfairly detained” at a high-profile court hearing in Japan, his first appearance since his arrest in November rocked the business world.

In a statement prepared for the hearing and issued by a spokesperson, Ghosn was expected to conclude his remarks by saying: “Your Honour, I am innocent of the accusations made against me.”

The 64-year-old auto titan said he had “always acted with integrity” and had “never been accused of any wrongdoing” in his career spanning several decades, during which he is credited with saving the struggling Japanese manufacturer.

“I have been wrongly accused and unfairly detained based on meritless and unsubstantiated accusations,” concluded the executive at a hearing at the Tokyo District Court, according to the statement.

Making his first appearance in seven weeks, the once-revered boss appeared handcuffed with a rope around his waist and wearing plastic slippers. He wore a dark suit without a tie. His hair was greying at the roots and he looked thinner than in recent pictures.

In an indication of the interest the case has sparked in Japan, more than 1,000 people waited outside the court from the early hours in the hope of getting one of just 14 tickets for the public gallery.

The purpose of the hearing was for the court to explain the reasons for Ghosn’s continued detention on suspicion of financial misconduct.

Presiding Judge Yuichi Tada read out the charges against Ghosn and said he was being detained because he was a flight risk and there was a possibility he would conceal evidence.

It is considered extremely unlikely the hearing would result in a change to Ghosn’s detention but the case has repeatedly shown the ability to surprise, from the moment prosecutors stormed the tycoon’s private jet at a Tokyo airport on November 19, with the twists and turns gripping Japan and the business world.

Ghosn faces a host of allegations of financial impropriety.

Prosecutors have formally charged him over suspicions he under-declared some five billion yen ($44 million) from his salary in documents to investors over five fiscal years from 2010 — apparently to avoid accusations he was paid too much.

Authorities also suspect he continued this scheme over the next three tax years, seeking to defer another four billion yen of his salary until after retirement.

A third, more complex, accusation is that he sought to shift personal foreign exchange losses onto Nissan’s books and then paid a business contact from Saudi Arabia some $14.7 million — supposedly from company funds — who allegedly stumped up collateral for him.

– ‘Vigorous defence’ –

Ghosn has not been formally charged over the latter two allegations and is preparing to defend himself “vigorously” in court, according to his son Anthony in an interview with French weekly Journal du Dimanche.

“For the first time, he will be able to explain all the charges against him and give his version and I think everyone will be quite surprised to hear his version of the story,” the 24-year-old was quoted as saying.

Anthony, who has not spoken to his father, has said Ghosn would be released if he signed a confession.

The high-profile Ghosn case has thrown the spotlight on the Japanese legal system, which has been criticised in some quarters for the practice of extending the custody of suspects without formal charges being pressed.

On December 31, the court again extended his detention until January 11, at which point prosecutors could rearrest him to question him over other allegations or could free him on bail.

– ‘Family the priority’ –

Ghosn is a towering figure in the auto industry and is credited with turning around a struggling Nissan — also giving him a high profile rare for foreign executives in Japan.

He forged an unlikely three-way alliance between Mitsubishi Motors, Renault and Nissan that now outsells any other rival group.

But his arrest has laid bare divisions in the tie-up. Nissan and Mitsubishi Motors promptly removed him as chairman whereas the French firm has kept him on while he fights the allegations.

In an interview with AFP on the eve of the hearing, current Nissan CEO Hiroto Saikawa insisted: “I don’t think it’s in danger at all.”

However, Flavien Neuvy, auto analyst from Paris-based Cetelem, said it was impossible to predict how the affair would hit the grouping.

“Maybe we have hit the limits of this alliance as it was conceived at the beginning,” he told AFP.

Meanwhile, Ghosn’s son Anthony painted a picture of a devoted family man for whom “money is only a way to help those he loves, not an end in itself”.

“He takes his role as a father even more seriously than his role as head of a major company. For him, family is always the priority.”

– November 19: Shock arrest –

Investigators from the Tokyo District Public Prosecutors Office arrest Ghosn just after his private jet touches down at Haneda Airport.

His right-hand man and close aide Greg Kelly is also arrested.

Accused of financial misconduct, including under-reporting Ghosn’s salary between 2010 and 2015, they are detained for investigation for a period that is extended twice to December 10.

They both deny wrongdoing.

Prosecutors raid Nissan’s headquarters in the city of Yokohama and Ghosn’s luxury Tokyo apartment.

That evening Nissan chief executive officer Hiroto Saikawa says the company had uncovered years of financial misconduct, including under-reporting of income and inappropriate personal use of company assets.

“Too much authority was given to one person in terms of governance,” he tells reporters, referring to “a dark side of the Ghosn era”.

– November 20: Renault names interim boss –

After an emergency board meeting, French car giant Renault says Thierry Bollore will take over with Ghosn “temporarily incapacitated” following his arrest.

Bollore, previously the chief operating officer, is appointed deputy CEO with the “same powers” as Ghosn.

Days later, Renault launches an internal audit into Ghosn’s pay.

– November 22: Fired by Nissan

Nissan’s board votes unanimously to “discharge” Ghosn as chairman.

In Paris, the French and Japanese finance ministers, Bruno Le Maire and Hiroshige Seko, reiterate “strong support” for maintaining the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi alliance.

– November 26: Fired by Mitsubishi –

Mitsubishi Motors executives, meeting in Tokyo, vote unanimously to oust Ghosn as chairman.

– November 29: Alliance affirms unity –

Automakers Renault, Nissan and Mitsubishi Motors reaffirm their commitment to their alliance in the first meeting of company leaders since Ghosn’s arrest.

Ghosn had been seen as the glue binding together the complex three-way structure that makes up the world’s top-selling auto company.

– December 10: Charges and re-arrest –

Ghosn is formally charged on the initial allegations of under-reporting his salary between 2010 and 2015, with prosecutors also re-arresting him on allegations of further under-reporting in the last three years, according to local media.

The new allegations restart the clock on his detention, allowing prosecutors to hold him for another 22 days.

– December 17: Nissan fails to agree Ghosn replacement –

The board of Nissan fails to agree a replacement for Ghosn as tensions grow in the firm’s alliance with Renault.

Nissan CEO Hiroto Saikawa says a committee advising the board on the decision needs more time, while media reports suggest the indecision is in part because of open discord with French automaker Renault.

– December 20: Request to extend detention rejected –

The Tokyo district court rejects a request by prosecutors to extend Ghosn’s detention, in a surprise move that meant he could have been freed on bail.

Prosecutors appealed the court decision but their appeal was also rejected.

– December 21: Re-arrest on new allegations –

Prosecutors re-arrest Ghosn over fresh allegations that he transferred losses from personal financial investments to Nissan, apparently dashing his hopes of early release.

The fresh arrest gives prosecutors 48 hours to question him on the new matter — possibly extended beyond that.

– December 31: Detention prolonged –

This time, the court grants prosecutors the right to question Ghosn further on the new allegations, extending his detention until January 11.

– January 4: Demand for a hearing –

Another completely unexpected twist in the saga as Ghosn’s lawyers dig out a little-used section of the Constitution to demand a hearing to explain the reasons for his detention.

– January 8: First public appearance since his arrest

Ghosn attends a hearing at the Tokyo District Court to make his first public appearance since his arrest. He says in a statement he has been “wrongly accused and unfairly detained”.

But the judge says the ongoing detention is justified because he poses a flight risk and could tamper with evidence.

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S. Jack Heffernan Ph.D. Funds Manager at HEFFX holds a Ph.D. in Economics and brings with him over 25 years of trading experience in Asia and hands on experience in Venture Capital, he has been involved in several start ups that have seen market capitalization over $500m and 1 that reach a peak market cap of $15b. He has managed and overseen start ups in Mining, Shipping, Technology and Financial Services.

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