Effects of Obesity on the Human Body & Their Symptoms
Obesity is a concern that should be addressed immediately, because it can/does cause many serious complications.
Below is a list of health complications that can arise due to obesity, as well as their symptoms, as follows:
Type 2 Diabetes: Most people who are obese develop type 2 diabetes, a condition wherein the body has higher levels of blood sugar (glucose) than the normal, healthy range, due to insulin resistance. Insulin is a substance produced by your pancreas to help keep your blood sugar levels in the normal range. But with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to keep up with the body’s demand, resulting in higher blood sugar levels.
Notably, the condition can cause various symptoms, such as frequent urination, fatigue, recurrent infections and headaches. If any of these symptoms develop, get tested for diabetes right away.
Cardiovascular Disease: Obesity drastically increases your risk of developing coronary heart disease, which is the buildup of plaque in the arteries. If the plaque severely limits the flow of blood to the heart, a heart attack can happen. Telltale symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain, shortness of breath and palpitations.
Note: obesity can cause one to develop high blood pressure, which is also known as hypertension. In this condition, the force of the blood flow is too high, increasing the heart’s workload to the point of artery damage. Suspect that you have high blood pressure? Then have yourself tested. If the results are higher than 140/90, you most likely have high blood pressure.
Gallstones: Gallstones are hard, crystal-like deposits created inside the gallbladder. They are typically made from the excess of 1 of these 3 substances: cholesterol, bile or bilirubin. In the case of obesity, the stones are usually made from cholesterol, and their sizes can vary, from a grain of sand to the size of a golf ball.
Further: gallstones do not usually cause symptoms if they do not cause a blockage in the pancreatic duct. However, if stones do get stuck, they cause real pain in the gallbladder, which can last several hours. This occurs usually after a heavy meal when the gallbladder releases bile into the small intestines. Nausea, fever, tea-colored urine and yellow skin or eyes are other symptoms you should watch out for as well.
Cancer: It has been observed that higher amounts of body fat can contribute to various forms of cancer. The connection is not clear, but doctors believe that low-level inflammation caused by obesity can gradually damage human DNA over time, leading to cancer. It is also suggested that fat cells produce hormones that lead to cell proliferation.
The following types of cancer have been linked to obesity:
- Endometrial cancer: Overweight and obese women are 2 to X more likely to develop endometrial cancer compared to women who have normal weight.
- Esophageal adenocarcinoma: Obese people are 2X more likely to develop some form of esophageal cancer compared to normal-weight people. Extreme obesity increases the risk even further by 4X.
- Breast cancer: Postmenopausal obese women have an increased risk of breast cancer. In addition, a 5-point increase in your BMI can already increase your risk by 12%.
- Gastric cardia cancer: This type of cancer affects the upper portion of your stomach close to the esophagus. Obesity doubles your risk of developing cancer in this area.
- Liver cancer: Obese men develop this condition more than women, but the risk for both genders doubles if their BMI is high.
- Kidney cancer: Among obese people, renal cancer is the most common type of kidney cancer that can develop. Having a high BMI doubles your risk compared to normal-weight people.
- Pancreatic cancer: Overweight and obese people are 1.5X more likely to develop pancreatic cancer than people with normal weight.
- Colorectal cancer: The risk of developing this type of cancer among obese men and women is 30% more than normal-weight people.
Pain in the knees, back and hips are usually common in obese people, because the heavy weight puts extra pressure on the joints. Depending on the symptoms, the pain may be mild, or it may be so severe that it can hamper your daily activities.
Obesity can be prevented.
There are lots strategies available that can be implemented, but it is important to 1st create the proper mindset. Without the proper attitude, it can be hard to lose weight.
To start, you may want to seek out therapy or counseling to help change certain behaviors that prevent you from losing weight. Trained professionals can get to the bottom of your condition, allowing them to create behavioral strategies that you can follow.
In addition, joining support groups can help bolster your confidence as you start your journey towards a healthier body.
A huge contributor of excess weight is poor dietary choices.
It is Key to eliminate foods that are bad for good health, especially those that are high in sugar and trans fat, from the diet.
Below are 7 effective strategies to adopt, as follows:
- Drastically Cut Back or Eliminate Sugary Foods From Your Meals: It is important to cut back, with the goal of eliminating, sugary foods from the diet, especially those that contain fructose. This type of sugar is one of the greatest contributors to the growing obesity epidemic in America. It wreaks havoc on your health by diminishing certain digestive functions, such as one ghrelin (or hunger hormone), causing one to overeat. Furthermore, it converts to fat more directly than any other type of sugar. And if consumed regularly, it can contribute to insulin resistance, increasing the chances of developing diabetes. To help you lose weight, it is important to strictly limit sugar consumption to 15 grams a day only, that includes fruits.
- Reduce and Eventually Avoid Grain Consumption: Alongside sugar, grains are another major contributor to weight gain. They contain gluten, an elastic compound that impedes proper absorption of nutrients from the other foods eaten. In addition, grains convert into sugar when digested, leading to excess weight. Common grain sources that should cut back on include bread, rice, potatoes and pasta.
- Increase Intake of Healthy Fats: As you begin to decrease your dependence on grains and sugary foods, you need to increase your intake of healthy fats. They contain specific compounds that can bring a variety of health benefits, especially if you’re trying to lose weight. Healthy fats help you feel full longer, helping lower calorie intake. They are also a good source of energy because they last longer than the energy provided by sugar. They also help you avoid increasing your cholesterol levels.
- More importantly, healthy fats play an important role in nutrient absorption, because many vitamins and minerals are fat-soluble. If your body only has a small amount of healthy fat, fat-soluble nutrients are not absorbed efficiently, making you miss out on their health benefits.
- Great sources of healthy fat include coconuts and coconut oil, grass-fed meats and dairy products, raw nuts and Organic-pastured egg yolks. Fish is rich in healthy fat as well, especially wild-caught Salmon, anchovies and sardines. If eating fish be sure to purchase from reputable Organic providers, because commercially harvested fish is filled with toxins.
- Eat Organic Vegetables: It is no secret that vegetables are good for good health. They are low in calories and rich in various nutrients that can help contribute to optimal health. Another main benefit of eating vegetables is their fiber content, because it can help lower your risk of certain health complications related to obesity. One study showed that a high-fiber diet can help lower the risk of heart disease by 40%. In another study, researchers suggested that for every 7 grams of fiber consumed each day, the risk of developing a stroke is reduced by 7%. And similar to healthy fat, fiber helps you feel full longer, thus reducing calorie intake. In a related study, researchers specifically mentioned that fiber can benefit obese people
- Alongside Diet, Exercise Is Key in Helping to Lose Weight: While your diet is important in optimizing your health, exercise is another important weight loss strategy not to be ignored. Not only can it help avoid packing on excess weight by burning calories consumed, but it may help improve your cognitive function too. According to 1 study, people who exercised regularly reported higher cognitive performance compared to those who didn’t exercise as much. When it comes to exercising to reduce obesity, it is important to start slow and simple. The frequency and duration is more important than the intensity of the exercise. Start with simple activities such as walking, swimming and cycling. This will help lower the stress on knees and your other joints, so that you can get used to increased physical activity in the future. Try exercising 4 to 5 days a week for a total time of 30 to 60 mins. You can break it up into smaller 10-min sessions to allow your body to adjust. Start slowly on the 1st 5 mins on your 1st day of exercising, then gradually build up the intensity as you get better. It is important listen to how your body responds while exercising. Due to the lack of physical activity before, you may find it hard to perform physically strenuous movements. If you feel any sort of sharp pain in your muscles, stop and rest. Remember to keep yourself hydrated, because obesity tends to dehydrate persons.
Finally, you may want to seek out help from a physical therapist or a personal trainer to help create an exercise program suited to your preferred activities, so that you can enjoy exercising in the long run.
Eat healthy, Be healthy. Live lively