China’s Growth an Example for the World
China’s growth has benefited from innovation, people-centered ideology, stability, infrastructure upgrades and globalization, which can serve as an example for other economies, experts said.
“China’s economy has stabilized and showed more signs of warming, thanks to new growth policies, structural reform and policy innovations,” said Cai Jiming, professor with Tsinghua University.
“Its continuous innovations based on national conditions may be a reference for other developing economies, and developed economies as well,” Cai said.
China’s 6.7% growth in Y 2016 hit a 26-year low, but still outpaced most other economies and accounted for more than 30% of global growth.
China’s poverty relief campaign can be another example of the country’s success, according to experts.
“The poverty alleviation efforts showed that China’s development is people-centered, which is the essence of economic growth,” said Li Zhongjie, a member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) National Committee.
China brought 12.4-M people in rural areas above the poverty line in Y 2016. However, there were still 43.35-M people living in poverty at the end of last year.
China has vowed to bring poor rural people all out of poverty by Y 2020.
The government will strengthen support for poverty relief, including fiscal, land, financial, education and health policies, while applying the highest assessment standards to evaluate the success of poverty relief.
China always values maintaining stability.
This year, China will stick to the basic tone of “seeking progress while maintaining stability.”
Chinese policymakers will try to keep the economy, employment, society and growth expectations stable, while seeking progress in structural and systemic reforms, tapping new growth momentum and improving people’s livelihood, according to Yu Yongding, economist and former central bank adviser and also a CPPCC National Committee member.
The wisdom China has given the world includes how to deal with the relationship between “stability” and “progress,” Yu said.
China’s economy is expected to grow 6.5% in Y 2017, the International Monetary Fund forecast in a January report, supporting stable growth expectations.
“Maybe the world could also take a page out of China’s book in terms of infrastructure upgrades, which is the precondition for making fortune,” said national lawmaker Zhang Zhao’an.
China’s total railway operation length reached 121,000 km by the end of 2015, the world’s second longest, including 19,000-km high-speed railway, ranking top of the world, official statistics showed.
China plans to invest 3.5-T RMB Yuan (US$357-B) in railway construction during the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020).
By Y 2020, China will increase the length of high-speed railways in operation to 30,000 kilometers, connecting more than 80% of its big cities. It will also renovate 30,000 km of expressways.
China is trying to connect the Asia-Pacific region and beyond through infrastructure programs including the Belt and Road Initiative, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Silk Road Fund.
Proposed by China in Y 2013, the Belt and Road Initiative aims to become a trade and infrastructure network connecting Asia with Europe and Africa along ancient trade routes.
So far, more than 100 countries and international organizations have joined the initiative and over 40 of them have cooperation agreements with China.
Globalization serves as a great opportunity for any country that can integrate itself into the global economy properly, Yu said.
Since reform and opening up began in Y 1978, China has attracted over US$ 1.7-T of FDI (foreign direct investment), while its outbound direct investment has exceeded US$1.2-T.
Chinese enterprises hired some 1.5-M foreigners overseas inY 2016 amid their rapid global expansion, according to the Ministry of Commerce.
China’s economy will remain the strongest engine for world economic growth in Y 2017, as the fundamentals for China’s long-term growth have not changed, said Wang Guoqing, spokesperson for the 5th session of the 12th National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.
By Xiang Bo
Paul Ebeling, Editor