Blockchain, “No One Can Own of Control It, Everyone Can Use It”
Blockchain is a technology that no one can own or control but anyone can use, it is the platform for Cryptocurrency.
Blockchain as applications for just about any enterprise involved in record-keeping, documentation, registrations and transactions.
The cryptocurrency Bitcoin was created in Y 2009, but the idea behind the blockchain technology it was built on dates back to the 1990’s. Since Bitcoin’s launch, blockchain has garnered broad recognition in the investment world.
With venture funding deep and plentiful, many blockchain applications have been developed and many more are in the works.
Blockchain is acquiring the recognition for potential that any business associating itself with the term can attract new investment overnight.
The core blockchain software lives on the Internet, available to anyone with a modem, just as Linux operating software is available Free as an open-source item. This enables the creation of decentralized, publicly accessible digital ledgers, sequential chains of blocks of data.
Blockchain is like a digital safe-deposit box, but its security comes not from secrecy or exclusive access but from being tamper-proof.
With blockchain, no one is the boss, because everyone is in charge. Everyone knows what’s going on, and no one can change the record. Blocks of data are immutable, so blockchains are permanent audit trails.
Boosters argue that blockchain’s role as a transparent, tamper-proof record and its decentralized nature make it more secure than any repository under the control of 1 entity, because central sources are far easier to hack. With blockchain there is no custody or control by a central source, such as a central bank.
Cutting out that central entity was a Key founding principle of Bitcoin, which cuts out banks, and it is the premise for many evolving or anticipated uses of blockchain.
So now you know why some blockchain applications might prove disruptive, posing an existential threat to banks and other companies whose business model is based on being a central source.
The potential applications of blockchain in many fields are attracting a steady flow of venture capital and corporate development.
Along with its uses in cryptocurrency, embryonic and envisioned applications of blockchain includes the following:
- Securities. NASDAQ has partnered with Chain, a Bitcoin infrastructure firm, for a pilot program to test the use of blockchain for trading shares of private companies.
- Financial markets systems. An 80+ member consortium of banks, regulators and technology partners are developing a blockchain-platformed operating system called Corda.
- Payment platforms. JPMorgan Chase (JPM) has launched a new inter-bank payments platform based on a private blockchain for Ethereum (ETH), a form of cryptocurrency.
- Bank operations. UBS and Barclays are both experimenting with blockchain as a means of expediting back-office functions.
- Private blockchain. These are secure private networks of blockchains developed by IT providers. IBM is developing new shipment-tracking tools for shipping giant Maersk and Walmart Stores.
- Digital rights management. Spotify (NYSE:SPOT) acquired start-up Mediachain Labs last year to use blockchain technology for music copyright-attribution protocols. And Eastman Kodak is seeking to develop publicly accessible repositories for stock photographs and their copyrights.
- Decentralizing the sharing economy. Arranging P2P lodging and ride-sharing without paying middlemen: Airbnb, Uber & Lyft.
- Medical records (private blockchain). Blockchain may finally enable long-predicted secure lifetime medical record-sharing across providers.
- Digital public registries. Projects are under way in Rwanda and other African nations to build blockchain-based real estate-titling systems.
- Law enforcement. Potential uses include evidence management and tools to flag suspicious transactions.
- Voting. Proponents say an immutable record of votes cast could have the certainty of paper with the convenience of digital access and storage.
- Securing Internet of things (IoT) devices. There are more than 8.4-B Internet-enabled devices, from refrigerators and doorbells to wearable fitness monitors and prototypical self-driving cars. Proponents argue that blockchain technology could be used to reduce the risk of many IoT devices being compromised by a single point of failure, such as a server.
- P2P e-Commerce. Peer-to-peer of all sorts, potentially threatening eBay and others.
Much of the venture funding for blockchain thus far has been concentrated in Bitcoin-related enterprises. But some of this money is for other applications, including e-Commerce, media, identification and private blockchain.
Venture investment in blockchain start-ups began in Y 2012 and expanded in Ys 2016 and 2017.
According to a report by CB Insights, a tech-funding research firm, Google and Goldman Sachs are among the most active corporate investors. Other investors include Visa, PNC, Deloitte, Transamerica, Wells Fargo, Capital One and US Bancorp.
Investing in blockchain requires an understanding of the types of entities profiting in the technology’s evolving uses now.
Individuals seeking to get this exposure for their portfolios can do so currently by investing in funds or individual stocks of companies involved in:
- Cryptocurrency. Names include Japanese company SBI holdings and Overstock.com, with its newly created digital currency subsidiary, tZero.
- Manufacturing. Manufacturers develop products for the cryptocurrency industry, including specialized, powerful computer-processing chips and other hardware used by “miners”— independent operators who collectively validate and thus enable transactions. Nvidia, Advanced Micro Devices and Taiwan Semiconductors are a few examples.
- Software services and solutions. A number of companies offer software services and solutions to blockchain- and private blockchain-related related entities. Candidates would include publicly held IT/computer services firms making inroads, including IBM, Google, Accenture and Cisco.
As applications evolve, a broader range of blockchain-related investment opportunities among a broad range of public companies will emerge.
Blockchain is already household word.