China Expands Opportunities for College Graduates
Stable economic growth, continued progress in structural reform, and policies supportive of entrepreneurship and employment generation offer new opportunities for college graduates.
A survey conducted by education research company MyCOS Institute, released Sunday, showed that the employment rate of college graduates in Y 2015 was 91.7%, in line with 92.1% in Y 2014 and 91.4% in Y 2013.
Breaking the numbers down, 92.2% of university graduates and 91.2% of graduates from junior colleges and vocational colleges and senior high schools found jobs, according to the survey.
Some 250,000 college graduates in 30 provincial-level regions on the Chinese Mainland were interviewed 6 months after they graduated last year.
“Generally speaking, the employment rate for Chinese college graduates remained stable,” said Zheng Dongliang, Dean of the Institute of Labor Science affiliated with the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security (MHRSS).
The survey found that more graduates were starting their own businesses after graduation, with 3% registering startup businesses in Y 2015, up from 1.2% in Y 2009.
The average monthly income of university graduates who started their own businesses was 5,131 yuan (US$789), according to the survey.
The findings showed that more and more college graduates are riding the wave of the country’s innovation-driven development strategy, said Zheng.
“Initiatives such as ‘Made in China 2025’ and ‘Internet Plus’ helped the development of the service sector and facilitated upgrades in traditional industries to create ample job opportunities for college graduates,” he said.
China started to expand enrollment of college students in Y 1999 to stimulate a weak economy and ease employment pressure. In a similar program, the country encouraged postgraduate enrollment in Y 2009.
These measures resulted in spikes in graduate numbers. Under the ambitious programs, the number of graduates is estimated to surge to 7.6% in Y 2016, the highest in history.
To boost employment and sustain growth, which slowed to 6.7% in Q-1 of this year, the central government is modernizing the economic model, which will feature new systems and business models, promote mass entrepreneurship, and bolster the service sector.
A wide range of measures have been unveiled, including financial support, facility construction and administrative assistance for startups.
The government allocated RMB 40-B last year to startup initiatives, official data showed.
China witnessed a startup boom in the 1st 11 months of Y 2015, when newly registered enterprises rose 19% to 3.9-M, equal to 11,700 new companies every day, official data showed.
China now boasts more than 200 makerspace projects, 1,600 business incubators, and 129 high-tech zones or science and technology parks, which help allocate resources and support innovative companies.
For college graduates who lack experience and funding, favorable policies covering training, industrial and commercial registration, financing and taxation have been rolled out, according to a circular issued by the Ministry of Education in Y 2015.
As part of an employment security scheme, the MHRSS announced last year that it would help 800,000 college students start their own businesses by Y 2017.
Chen Yun from the Institute of Labor Science suggested that colleges could develop special courses on starting businesses and open them to all students.
Students should also be encouraged to participate in competitions relating to innovation and business creation so as to enhance their interest in entrepreneurship and improve their abilities, Chen said.
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