Alcohol Increases the Risk of Cancer, It Begins in Your Mouth
About 33% of Americans are obese, incurring an estimated annual medical cost of $147-B, that according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Notably in Y 2014 there was no State in the natio with a prevalence of obesity less than 20%.
This is different from the CDC numbers from Y 1990, at which time no State had a prevalence of obesity equal to or greater than 15%
The rise in obesity can be attributed to a number of different factors, from eating more energy than your body requires, to moving less or eating the wrong foods.
Carbohydrates are not burned efficiently in the body and often leave you hungrier just a couple hours later.
Alcohol is a carbohydrate.
Studies have published opposing results, from recommending a glass of wine each night with dinner to total abstinence for good health.
Some of the discrepancies may be related to the amount of alcohol consumed during the studies. A recent study now links alcohol with the development of 7 different types of cancer.
In a paper published in Addiction, researchers found strong evidence that alcohol was routinely linked to cancers in the rectum, liver, colon, esophagus, oropharynx, larynx and, in women, the breast.
The epidemiological study suggested that alcohol contributed to cancers in up to 5.8% of all cancer deaths worldwide. The research did not identify the biological causation between alcohol and cancers in these 7 sites, but the researchers felt: “Confirmation of specific biological mechanisms by which alcohol increases the incidence of each type of cancer is not required to infer that alcohol is a cause.”
The percentage of deaths related to alcohol and cancer increased by 62% in the past 12 years, up from 3.6% 2003 to 5.8% in Y 2015 worldwide.
This increase may be the result of other factors in the lives of people who suffer from cancer triggered by alcohol, such as poor dietary choices, lack of exercise and poor sleep quality.
In order to assign causation of cancer to alcohol, study participants would have to randomly be assigned to drink or abstain over the course of their life.
Instead, researchers have studied a large body of epidemiological data that comes as close as it can to linking alcohol with cancer.
Another study linked even light drinking to the same list of cancer types.
Researchers reviewed the cases of nearly 136,000 men and women over a 30-year period and found those who had smoked, even if they had quit, had higher rates of cancer related to drinking than those who had never smoked.
This study found smoking was an important contributor to the development of these cancers when linked with alcohol.
One instrument in the development of cancer from alcohol is the effect acetaldehyde has on your DNA.
Acetaldehyde is a metabolite of alcohol that can damage DNA and stop your body from repairing the damage. This metabolite is linked more closely with cancer in your mouth, larynx, pharynx, esophagus and liver.
Typically alcohol is broken down in your liver, where acetaldehyde is formed. This chemical causes your liver cells to grow more rapidly, sometimes genetically mutated.
This process can cause liver cancer.
Alcohol can also be broken down by the bacteria living in your mouth and gut. This increases the amount of acetaldehyde your mouth, pharynx, larynx and esophagus are exposed to, increasing cellular DNA damage and increasing your risk of oral cancer.
Other sources of acetaldehyde include tobacco and food flavorings.
Alcohol has been identified as a significant direct source, and researchers are calling for public health measures to reduce the content of acetaldehyde in alcohol in an effort to reduce the risk of cancers.
Alcohol is a carbohydrate and your body metabolizes it into sugar, raising your risk of high blood sugar and insulin resistance. As it holds no real nutritional value, and can be categorized as “empty calories”. These empty calories also contribute to a growing obesity problem in the world.
Alcohol is 1 of those carbohydrate-rich foods that may 2X your risk of developing cancers by both increasing your exposure to acetaldehyde and increasing your risk of obesity.
A study by the Credit Suisse Research Institute in Y 2013, Sugar, Consumption at a Crossroads found that 40% of US healthcare expenditures are for diseases directly related to the over consumption of sugar.
Recently researchers also linked new cancer cases in adults 30 years and older with high body mass index (BMI) or being overweight or obese. And fuly 25% of the cancer cases in Y 2012 could be directly attributed to the increase in BMI since Y 1992.
Both sugar metabolism and cancer cells thrive in an anaerobic environment.
In fact, without sugar, many cancers are unable to metabolically produce enough energy to survive. When you reduce your net carbs, total carbs minus fiber, you effectively starve cancer cells.
But, 1 can of beer has 13 grams of carbohydrates, one 5-ounce glass of wine has 4 grams and a 5-ounce cocktail has 10 grams of carbohydrates.
You can see that just 1 glass each day can make a significant non-nutritional dent in your carbohydrate intake, contributing to obesity and insulin resistance and cancer.
Eat healthy, Be healthy, Live lively